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The diagnostic value of Doppler Resistive Index in the differential diagnosis of focal liver lesions

Yi Dong1, Wen-Ping Wang2, Andre Ignee3, Dan Zuo2, Yi-Jie Qiu2, Qi Zhang2, Xiu-Yun Lu2, Sheng Chen2, Christoph Frank Dietrich4

Affiliation and address for correspondence
J Ultrason 2023; 23: e45–e52
DOI: 10.15557/JoU.2023.0010

Aim: To investigate the diagnostic value of resistance index (RI) in differentiating focal liver lesions. Patients and methods: In this retrospective study, a total of 576 patients with histologically confirmed focal liver lesions were included. Each patient underwent B-mode ultrasound examination and color Doppler ultrasound examination. The RI values of different focal liver lesions were recorded and compared. Results: The mean RI value of benign lesions was significantly lower than that of malignant lesions (0.54 ± 0.10 vs. 0.71 ± 0.12) (p <0.05). In malignant lesions, the RI value of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma was significantly lower than that of hepatocellular carcinoma lesions. Furthermore, in hepatocellular carcinoma lesions, the RI of large lesions (group 4: >10 cm) was significantly lower than that of small lesions (group 1: ≤2 cm, group 2: 2–5 cm) (p <0.05). Taken RI of 0.615 as a cutoff value to differentiate malignant and benign lesions, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were 82.80%, 81.00%, 81.34% and 82.48%, respectively. Conclusion: Color Doppler ultrasound examination is a valuable imaging method in detecting blood flow signal within liver lesions. The RI parameter should be helpful in differentiating malignant and benign liver tumors.

B-mode ultrasound (BMUS); focal liver lesion (FLL); resistance index (RI); hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH)